Body Types - Which One
are You? The Ectomorph, the Mesomorph, the Endomorph, or a
We have known for quite some time now in bodybuilding that
different body types respond differently to both training and
nutrition. As a result, it is incredibly important to be aware of
what your body type is so that you can design a training and
workout program accordingly. In this article, the history of body
types and some interesting pieces of information to help you
identify them will be mentioned.
William Sheldon (1898-1977) was an American psychologist who spent
his life observing all the variety of human bodies. He taught at
several universities and spent his career doing valuable research.
As a child he was an avid observer of animals and birds, and as he
grew up, this hobby turned into a strong ability to observe the
The basics of body types are listed below:
- Definitive "Hard
- Delicate Built
- Flat Chest
- Takes Longer to Gain
The extreme ectomorph physique is a fragile and delicate one. The
bones are light, joints are small and muscles are slight. The limbs
are relatively long in proportion and the shoulders droop. The
ectomorph is a linear physique. Straight up and straight down, and
may appear longer than he or she really is, due to the length of
limbs coupled with lack of muscle mass developed on those limbs.
The ectomorph is not naturally powerful and will have to work hard
for every ounce of muscle and every bit of strength he or she can
Other Ectomorph Traits
The extreme ectomorph may have long fingers, toes and neck are
long. A pencil neck you could say. The features of the face are
sharp, and the shape of the face is triangular. The lower jaw is
somewhat receding. The skin tends to burn easily. Extreme
ectomorphs may suffer from extremes of temperature. Due to the
great body area in relation to muscle mass, the ectomorph may
suffer from great heat, and due to low body fat, the ectomorph may
suffer from great cold. The hair is fine and grows quickly and is
sometimes difficult to keep in place.
Lisa Kudrow, Kate Moss, Brad Pitt, Seth Green, Edward Norton.
- Hard Body
- Hourglass Shaped
- Rectangular Shaped
- Mature Muscle
- Muscular Body
- Gains Muscle
- Gains Fat More Easily
- Thick Skin
The Mesomorph Body
The mesomorph has well-defined muscles and large bones. The torso
tapers to a relatively narrow and low waist. The bones and muscles
of the head are prominent. Features of the face are clearly
defined, such as cheek bones and a square, heavy jaw. The face is
long and broad, and is cubicle in shape. Arms and legs are
developed and even the digits of the hand are muscled.
Other Traits of the Mesomorph
The skin of the mesomorph is thick and the mesomorph tans well.
The hair is heavy in texture.
Bruce Willis, Sylvester Stallone, the majority of Mr. Universe
- Soft Body
- Weight Loss is
- Gains Muscle Easily Like
The body of the extreme endomorph is round and soft. The physique
presents the illusion that much of the mass has been concentrated
in the abdominal area. This may or may not be true. The arms and
legs of the extreme endomorph are short in length and taper. This
may give the appearance of stalkiness. The hands and feet of the
endomorph are comparatively small, and the upper arms and thighs
are often more developed than the lower parts of the arms or legs.
The body has a high waist.
Other Traits of the Endomoprh
The skin is soft and smooth, and the hair is fine. The head of the
endomorph is spherical. The head is large and the face broad.
John Goodman, Roseanne, Jack Black.
Combinations of Body
Very often, people cannot be easily classed as one of the three
main body types. Although there are some people who are purely
ectomorphs, endomorphs, or mesomorphs with little or no
characteristics of the other body types, very frequently, people
fall into mixed categories, such as ecto mesomorphs, or endo
mesomorphs, where largely, they are like the mesomoph, but with
traits of the ectomorph (such as small joints or a trim waist), or
traits of the endomorph (such as a tendency to gain fat
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